Latest News


C-507/19: CJEU interprets Article 12(1)(a) QD as referring to ‘effective access to territory’

Date: 
Wednesday, January 13, 2021

On 13 January 2021, the CJEU ruled, in case C-507/19 Bundesrepublik Deutschland v XT, on the interpretation of Article 12 of the Qualification Directive (Directive 2011/95).

C-441/19: CJEU delivers judgment concerning return decisions and the investigation into adequate reception facilities for unaccompanied minors in the State of return

Date: 
Thursday, January 14, 2021

On 14 January 2021, the CJEU published its judgment in TQ v Staatssecretaris van Justitie en Veiligheid (State Secretary for Justice and Security) (C-441/19) concerning the interpretation of, inter alia, Article 6(1) and Article 8(1) of the Return Directive (

Communicated cases against Greece (application no. 19614/20) and the Netherlands (application no. 64534/19)

Date: 
Monday, January 18, 2021
  • A.B v Greece (application no. 19614/20) concerns the living conditions of a pregnant woman in the Pyli hotspot on the island of Kos.

Latest Cases


The Belgian Council of State ordered the suspension of the execution of an act from the Commissioner-General for Refugees and Stateless (CGRS) Persons that organised, on the short term, videoconference interviews with asylum applicants in open centers and provided for the modalities of such interviews.

The Belgian Council of State ordered the suspension of the execution of an act from the Commissioner-General for Refugees and Stateless (CGRS) Persons that organised, on the short term, videoconference interviews with asylum applicants in open centers and provided for the modalities of such interviews.

Pays d’origine du demandeur: France

Le Conseil constitutionnel se prononce en l’espèce sur les cas d’exemptions pénales en faveur des personnes mises en cause sur le fondement d’un délit d’aide au séjour irrégulier d’un étranger. Il conclue que l’alinéa 1 de l’article L. 622-4 du code de l’entrée et du séjour des étrangers et du droit d’asile (CESEDA) est inconstitutionnel en ce qu’il se doit d’inclure non seulement l’aide au séjour irrégulier mais aussi l’aide à la circulation de l’étranger en situation irrégulière. Le Conseil précise également que le 3° de l’article précité, bien que conforme à la Constitution, s’applique à tout acte d’aide au séjour apportée dans un but humanitaire. Le Conseil consacre ainsi la valeur constitutionnelle du principe de fraternité. 

About EDAL


The European Database of Asylum Law (EDAL) is an online database managed by the European Council on Refugees and Exiles (ECRE) and a compilation of summaries of refugee and asylum case law from the courts of 22 European states, the Court of Justice of the European Union (CJEU) and the European Court of Human Rights (ECtHR). The summaries are published in English and in the relevant state’s national language.

For more information please see here.

If you are interested in contributing an article on a relevant subject to the EDAL blog or would like to inform us about an important national judgment, please kindly send an email to Stavros Papageorgopoulos (spapageorgopoulos@ecre.org).