Latest News

CJEU: Judgment on the interpretation of Article 11 of the Return Directive

Thursday, September 17, 2020

On 17 September, the CJEU answered a preliminary question from the Supreme Court of the Netherlands regarding the interpretation of Article 11 of the Return Directive (Directive 2008/115/EC).

Communicated case against Greece: Y.B. v. Greece (Application no. 10904/20)

Friday, September 25, 2020

Y.B. v. Greece (Application no. 10904/20): the case concerns the living conditions of an applicant who was at an advanced stage of pregnancy in the camp near Thessaloniki, to where she was transferred from Samos.

The Netherlands: UNRWA unable to provide protection and assistance to Palestinian refugees in Gaza

Monday, August 24, 2020

On 24 August 2020, a Tribunal in The Hague annulled the refusal of the Dutch State Secretary of Justice and Security to issue a residence permit to a stateless individual coming from the Occupied Palestinian Territory (OPT). 

The stateless

Latest Cases

Article 6(1)(e) of the Schengen Borders Code does not preclude the issue of a return decision to a third-country national not subject to a visa requirement and who is present on the territory of a M.S. for a short stay if that national is suspected of having committed a criminal offence. Moreover, the Code does not impose an obligation to establish, in order to issue such a decision, that their conduct represents a genuine, present and sufficiently serious threat affecting one of the fundamental interests of the society of the Member State concerned, as long as the principle of proportionality is respected.

Country of Applicant: Iraq, Palestinian Territory, Somalia, Syria

Confinement of asylum applicants in an airport transit zone is contrary to Art. 5 § 1 (f) in the absence of any domestic legal basis for the applicants’ deprivation of liberty.

Confinement of asylum seekers left to their own devices in airport transit zones under the control of border authorities, without unimpeded access to shower or cooking facilities, outdoor exercise and medical or social assistance amount to degrading and inhuman conditions under Art. 3 ECHR if protracted for a long time. 

Country of Applicant: Iraq

An authority examining an application for international protection by an individual already holding protection status in another Member Statemust check whether the protection of fundamental rights is systematically guaranteed by the country already providing international protection. This especially concerns applicants who are entirely dependent on public aid, and, in particular, on the public health system of the country providing them protection. 

About EDAL

The European Database of Asylum Law (EDAL) is an online database managed by the European Council on Refugees and Exiles (ECRE) and a compilation of summaries of refugee and asylum case law from the courts of 22 European states, the Court of Justice of the European Union (CJEU) and the European Court of Human Rights (ECtHR). The summaries are published in English and in the relevant state’s national language.

For more information please see here.

If you are interested in contributing an article on a relevant subject to the EDAL blog or would like to inform us about an important national judgment, please kindly send an email to Stavros Papageorgopoulos (