Latest News


C-507/19: CJEU interprets Article 12(1)(a) QD as referring to ‘effective access to territory’

Date: 
Wednesday, January 13, 2021

On 13 January 2021, the CJEU ruled, in case C-507/19 Bundesrepublik Deutschland v XT, on the interpretation of Article 12 of the Qualification Directive (Directive 2011/95).

C-441/19: CJEU delivers judgment concerning return decisions and the investigation into adequate reception facilities for unaccompanied minors in the State of return

Date: 
Thursday, January 14, 2021

On 14 January 2021, the CJEU published its judgment in TQ v Staatssecretaris van Justitie en Veiligheid (State Secretary for Justice and Security) (C-441/19) concerning the interpretation of, inter alia, Article 6(1) and Article 8(1) of the Return Directive (

Communicated cases against Greece (application no. 19614/20) and the Netherlands (application no. 64534/19)

Date: 
Monday, January 18, 2021
  • A.B v Greece (application no. 19614/20) concerns the living conditions of a pregnant woman in the Pyli hotspot on the island of Kos.

Latest Cases


Country of Applicant: Iran

A separated child, whose parents are missing, and he stays with his uncle’s family in a country different than his country of origin is reasonable to have his uncle as a guardian. The close relationship between the minor and the uncle is an important prerequisite.

Country of Applicant: Iran

A mother was accused of kidnapping her daughter and using forged travel documents when leaving her country of origin in order to ask for asylum. Her detention and extradition orders were quashed based on the risk of inhuman or degrading treatment upon return.

Country of Applicant: Afghanistan, Iran

Η διοίκηση αρνήθηκε να χορηγήσει στους αιτούντες άδεια για την τέλεση πολιτικού γάμου. Επομένως, αυτοί, έκαναν αίτηση στο Ειρηνοδικείο για την χορήγηση αυτής. Το δικαστήριο επεσήμανε πως όταν αιτούντες άσυλο δεν έχουν την δυνατότητα να προσκομίσουν τα απαραίτητα έγγραφα που αποδεικνύουν την ανυπαρξία κωλυμάτων γάμου, λόγω των τετριμμένων σχέσεων τους με τις χώρες καταγωγής τους,  τότε μια απλή υπεύθυνη δήλωση θα πρέπει να είναι αρκετή.     

About EDAL


The European Database of Asylum Law (EDAL) is an online database managed by the European Council on Refugees and Exiles (ECRE) and a compilation of summaries of refugee and asylum case law from the courts of 22 European states, the Court of Justice of the European Union (CJEU) and the European Court of Human Rights (ECtHR). The summaries are published in English and in the relevant state’s national language.

For more information please see here.

If you are interested in contributing an article on a relevant subject to the EDAL blog or would like to inform us about an important national judgment, please kindly send an email to Stavros Papageorgopoulos (spapageorgopoulos@ecre.org).